How We're Different and Why it Matters

What are the differences between the Alt-right, Communists, Conservatives, Democrats, Leftists, Liberals, Libertarians and Republicans and why does it matter?

Similarity and Diversity

We are the same in many ways.  We are different in many ways.  That is the simple human condition.  

We don't want to frighten you by asking you to have an open mind ... but you must have an open mind if you are going to use your mind to evaluate differing ideologies.

You feel the way you do because of what you are thinking.

For example: if you have heard a report that the person that you love the most in this world has died because they fell asleep driving and crashed and you BELIEVE the report, to be emotionally DOWN is both ordinary and justifiable.

Or, you have heard a report that an evil person has just brutally murdered the person that you love most in this world and you believe the report, to be both emotionally DOWN and ANGRY at the alleged murderer is both ordinary and justifiable.  You may even want to take revenge upon the murderer and kill them yourself.

But What if the Reports Were False?

It wouldn't have changed the way you felt, because you BELIEVED them to be true.

What we believe has a direct impact on how we feel and what we feel provides the motivation for our actions.

UNDERSTANDING What Others BELIEVE Helps us Understand THEM.

We believe understanding is important, even when agreement is impossible.  You may never agree with someone, but UNDERSTANDING them can enable you to love them even when you disagree.

Conviction Drives Emotion

Perception is Reality for the One Perceiving it.  A person's perception may be flawed, but what else can they go on?  We all accept our perceptions as reality.

Once a person's mind has matured enough for them to be able to think critically, if they take the time to do so, they will develop convictions that are based upon their thinking.

Convictions are intellectual conclusions that a person comes to as a result of how they have perceived reality and have thoughtfully considered the ramifications.

These convictions are core beliefs and they are what enables a person to act and react in ways that are very consistent.

Emotion Energizes Action

We can certainly act upon what we believe without emotion being involved, but when what we believe also triggers us emotionally, our actions can become super-charged.

What we believe will always impact how we act and react, good or bad.

Understanding Enables Growth 

It is vital to understand the differences in these ideologies.  Doing so will surely advance your own intellectual growth and can also improve your social skills - you ability to get along with those with whom you disagree.

You may not "FEEL" the way that they do, but learning WHY they feel what they do puts you on the road to understanding and improved relationships.

Overview of Ideologies and Political Parties in the USA

We have taken only the top five ideologies that provide the foundations of beliefs for the top five political parties.

The following is certainly simplified, but we think it is accurate.  First, we will glance at ideologies, then political parties. 

Note: they are all simply listed in alphabetical order.  No preference is intended by this fact.

IDEOLOGIES

Alt-Rightism

The alt-right is defined thus by Wikipedia:

The alt-right, an abbreviation of alternative right, is a loosely connected far-right, white nationalist movement that originated in the United States. A largely online phenomenon, the alt-right originated in the U.S. during the 2010s although it has since established a presence in various other countries. The term is ill-defined, having been used in different ways by various self-described "alt-rightists", media commentators, and academics. Groups which have been identified as alt-right also espouse white supremacism, white separatism, severe immigration restrictions, and antisemitism.

The alt-right is to conservatives what leftists are to liberals.

^ Back to Ideologies


Communism

Communism is defined thus by Wikipedia:

In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is a philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of a communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the ideas of common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money,and the state.

Communism includes a variety of schools of thought, which broadly include Marxism and anarchism (anarcho-communism), as well as the political ideologies grouped around both. All of these share the analysis that the current order of society stems from its economic system, capitalism; that in this system there are two major social classes; that conflict between these two classes is the root of all problems in society; and that this situation will ultimately be resolved through a social revolution.

The two classes are the working class—who must work to survive and who make up the majority within society—and the capitalist class—a minority who derives profit from employing the working class through private ownership of the means of production. The revolution will put the working class in power and in turn establish social ownership of the means of production, which according to this analysis is the primary element in the transformation of society towards communism.

Communists typically believe in:

  • That the entire world MUST become communist.  ("Uptopia" can only come when the entire world is communist)
  • Capitalist societies must be overthrown via revolution if necessary and their governments be converted to communism
  • Governmental ownership and control of all industry
  • Governmental ownership and control of all property
  • Governmental ownership and control of every aspect of society

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Conservatism

Conservatism is defined thus by Wikipedia:

Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization. The central tenets of conservatism include tradition, organic society, hierarchy, authority, and property rights.  Conservatives seek to preserve a range of institutions such as religion, parliamentary government, and property rights, with the aim of emphasizing social stability and continuity.

Conservatives typically believe in:

  • originalistic interpretation of the Constitution
  • smaller government (size and scope)
  • nationalism (strong military)
  • religious world view (historic American (Judeo-Christian) values)
  • personal property rights
  • individualism and personal responsibility
  • individual liberty (freedom of speech, freedom of the press and freedom of religion)
  • free markets (capitalism)

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Liberalism

Liberalism is defined thus by Wikipedia:

Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty, consent of the governed, and equality before the law.  Liberals espouse a wide array of views depending on their understanding of these principles, but they generally support limited government, individual rights (including civil rights and human rights), capitalism (free markets), democracy, secularism, gender equality, racial equality, internationalism, freedom of speech, freedom of the press and freedom of religion. 

Liberals typically believe in:

  • modernistic interpretation of the Constitution
  • larger government (size and scope)
  • globalism
  • secular world view
  • collectivism and equality
  • individual liberty (freedom of speech, freedom of the press and freedom of religion)
  • free markets (capitalism)

Back to Ideologies


Leftistism

Leftism (Left-wing politics) is defined thus by Wikipedia:

Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy. It typically involves a concern for those in society whom its adherents perceive as disadvantaged relative to others as well as a belief that there are unjustified inequalities that need to be reduced or abolished.

The political terms "Left" and "Right" were coined during the French Revolution (1789–1799), referring to the seating arrangement in the French Estates General: those who sat on the left generally opposed the monarchy and supported the revolution, including the creation of a republic and secularization,while those on the right were supportive of the traditional institutions of the Old Regime.

Use of the term "Left" became more prominent after the restoration of the French monarchy in 1815 when it was applied to the "Independents".The word "wing" was appended to Left and Right in the late 19th century, usually with disparaging intent and "left-wing" was applied to those who were unorthodox in their religious or political views.

Leftists typically believe in:

  • Opposition to Free Speech
  • Opposition to Capitalism
  • Support of Communism
  • Support of Socialism
  • Class Identification and Recognition
  • Racial Identification and Segregation
  • One World Government
  • Open Borders (world wide)
  • USA and Western Civilization as Evil

Back to Ideologies

 

POLITICAL PARTIES 

Communist Party

Wikipedia says:

The Communist Party USA, officially the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA), is a communist party in the United States established in 1919 after a split in the Socialist Party of America following the Russian Revolution.

The CPUSA has a long and complex history that ties closely with the American labor movement and communist parties worldwide. Initially operating underground due to the Palmer Raids starting in the First Red Scare, the party was influential in American politics in the first half of the 20th century and played a prominent role in the labor movement from the 1920s through the 1940s, becoming known for opposing racism and racial segregation after sponsoring the defense for the Scottsboro Boys in 1931. Its membership increased during the Great Depression, and they played a key role in the Congress of Industrial Organizations.

The CPUSA subsequently declined due to events such as the second Red Scare and the influence of McCarthyism. Its opposition to the Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine were unpopular, with its endorsed candidate Henry A. Wallace under-performing in the 1948 presidential election, while its support for the Soviet Union increasingly alienated it from the rest of the left in the United States in the 1960s.

The CPUSA received significant funding from the Soviet Union and crafted its public positions to match those of Moscow. The CPUSA also used a covert apparatus to assist the Soviets with their intelligence activities in the United States and utilized a network of front organizations to shape public opinion. The CPUSA opposed glasnost and perestroika in the Soviet Union and as a result major funding from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union ended in 1989. The party remains committed to Marxism–Leninism.

The Official Communist Party Program (May, 2006)

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Capitalism, Exploitation, and Oppression
  • The Working Class, Class Struggle, Democratic Struggle, and Forces for Progress
  • Unity Against the Ultra-Right
  • Building the Anti-Monopoly Coalition
  • Bill of Rights Socialism in the USA
  • The Role of the Communist Party
  • Summary

Download the Full PDF Here

^ Back to Parties


Democrat Party

Wikipedia says:

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States. The party describes itself as supporting American liberalism and American progressivism. The party incorporates centrists, liberals and progressives,as well as more left-wing or socialist movements, many aligned with the presidential campaign of independent Senator Bernie Sanders.

There is also a small Conservative wing represented in the house by the Blue Dog Coalition, although Conservative Democrat ideology is different from the traditional Conservatism the Republican party supports.

Policies of past Democratic platforms have sought to protect social programs, labor unions, consumer protection and workplace safety regulation, equal opportunity and racial equality,and regulation against pollution of the environment.

Democrats support abortion rights and the LGBTQ+ community, tend to support an easier pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants.

Democrats tend to agree with the scientific consensus on climate change, and support clean energy and cap-and-trade policies.

The Official 2016 Democrat Party Platform

  • Raise Incomes and Restore Economic Security for the Middle Class
  • Create Good-Paying Jobs
  • Fight for Economic Fairness and Against Inequality
  • Bring Americans Together and Remove Barriers to Opportunities
  • Protect Voting Rights, Fix Our Campaign Finance System, and Restore Our Democracy
  • Combat Climate Change, Build a Clean Energy Economy, and Secure Environmental Justice
  • Provide Quality and Affordable Education
  • Ensure the Health and Safety of All Americans
  • Principled Leadership
  • Support Our Troops and Keep Faith with Our Veteran
  • Confront Global Threats
  • Protect Our Values
  • A Leader in the World

Download Full PDF Here 

Back to Parties


Green Party

Wikipedia says:

The Green Party of the United States (GPUS) is a federation of Green state political parties in the United States. The party promotes green politics, specifically ecology; nonviolence; social justice; participatory, grassroots democracy; gender equality; LGBT rights; anti-war and anti-racism. On the political spectrum, the party is generally seen as left-wing.

The GPUS was founded in 2001 as the Association of State Green Parties (ASGP) split from the Greens/Green Party USA (G/GPUSA). After its founding, the GPUS soon became the primary national green organization in the country, eclipsing the G/GPUSA, which was formed in 1991 out of the Green Committees of Correspondence (CoC), a collection of local green groups active since 1984. The ASGP, which formed in 1996, had increasingly distanced itself from the G/GPUSA in the late 1990s.

The Official 2016 Green Party Platform

Table of Contents

  • Democracy
  • Social Justice
  • Ecological Sustainability
  • Economic Justice and Sustainability

Read the Platform PDF Here

Back to Parties


Libertarian Party

Wikipedia Says:

The Libertarian Party (LP) is a political party in the United States that promotes civil liberties, non-interventionism, laissez-faire capitalism, and limiting the size and scope of government. The party was conceived in August 1971 at meetings in the home of David F. Nolan in Westminster, Colorado, and was officially formed on December 11, 1971 in Colorado Springs, Colorado.

The founding of the party was prompted in part due to concerns about the Nixon administration, the Vietnam War, conscription, and the introduction of fiat money.

The party generally promotes a classical liberal platform, in contrast to the Democratic Party's modern liberalism and progressivism and the Republican Party's conservatism. Gary Johnson, the party's presidential nominee in 2012 and 2016, states that the Libertarian Party is more culturally liberal than Democrats, and more fiscally conservative than Republicans.

Current fiscal policy positions include lowering taxes, abolishing the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), decreasing the national debt, allowing people to opt out of Social Security and eliminating the welfare state, in part by utilizing private charities. Current cultural policy positions include ending the prohibition of illegal drugs, advocating criminal justice reform, supporting same-sex marriage, ending capital punishment and supporting gun ownership rights.

While it is currently the third largest political party in the United States by voter registration, it currently has no members in Congress, or governorships, and over the past decade, has had less than 10 members elected to state legislatures or other state office. There are 511,277 voters (0.46% of total electorate) registered as Libertarian in the 31 states that report Libertarian registration statistics and Washington, D.C.

The Official 2016 Libertarian Party Platform

Table of Contents

  • PERSONAL LIBERTY
  • ECONOMIC LIBERTY
  • SECURING LIBERTY
  • OMISSIONS

Read the 2018 Platform Here

Back to Parties


Republican Party

Wikipedia says:

The platform of the Republican Party of the United States is generally based on conservatism, in contrast to the modern liberalism of the Democrats. The party incorporates moderates, sometimes described as establishment Republicans, and members of the Tea Party or Freedom Caucus, who have been described as populist, right-wing, and far-right.

The Republican Party's conservatism involves support for free market capitalism, free enterprise, business, a strong national defense, deregulation, restrictions on labor unions, social-conservative policies, and traditional values, usually with a Christian foundation. The party is generally split on the issue of how to deal with illegal immigration.

In general, Republicans oppose abortion rights, funding to Planned Parenthood, drugs, the Affordable Care Act, Common Core, gun control and support Just Say No and school choice. On economics, Republicans oppose an increased minimum wage and the estate tax, and support free markets and individual achievement. On the environment, Republicans have introduced environmental programs such as the Environmental Protection Agency and cap-and-trade policies in the past, but tend to oppose them today.

Republicans support clean air and clean water policies, but also support increased fracking. Republicans are quite divided on some environmental topics, such as climate change, where a 2018 poll found that 64% of Republicans believed in climate change.

Only 44% of Republicans and Republican leaners support same-sex marriage.

That being said, it is notable that Republicans, like Democrats, tend to vote in favor of policies endorsed by party leaders irrespective of ideology.

The Official 2016 Republican Party Platform

Table of Contents

  • Restoring the American Dream
  • A Rebirth of Constitutional Government
  • America’s Natural Resources: Agriculture, Energy, and the Environment
  • Government Reform
  • Great American Families, Education, Healthcare, and Criminal Justice
  • America Resurgent

Download Full PDF Here

Back to Parties 

 

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